Emerging Therapies

The selective, oral retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARA) agonist, SY-1425, combined with azacitidine showed encouraging activity in patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) that is overexpressing the RARA gene in a phase 2 clinical trial. These results were presented at ASH 2020. The RARA gene is a novel target in patients with AML. Read More ›

Single-agent mosunetuzumab is a safe and clinically promising chemotherapy-free therapy for elderly and unfit patients with untreated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), said Adam J. Olszewski, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Brown University, Providence, RI, at ASH 2020. Dr Olszewski reported the results of a phase 1/2 clinical study of mosunetuzumab in patients with DLBCL. Read More ›

Magrolimab, a first-in-class investigational antibody targeting CD47, showed good efficacy when combined with azacitidine injection (Vidaza) regardless of TP53 mutation in patients with treatment-naïve acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who are ineligible for intensive chemotherapy, according to data presented at ASH 2020. The results also showed that this combination did not lead to significant immune-related side effects. Read More ›

Sotorasib, an investigational small-molecule inhibitor of the KRAS p.G12C mutation, demonstrated promising activity and encouraging safety in patients with advanced solid tumors, in particular those with non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), in the preliminary phase 1 CodeBreaK 100 trial. Read More ›

Xevinapant, an investigational antagonist of IAPs (inhibitor of apoptosis proteins), prolonged overall survival (OS) in patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous-cell carcinoma (HNSCC) when added to chemoradiotherapy, according to an updated analysis of a phase 2 clinical trial that was presented at the 2020 European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) congress. Read More ›

Many cancer vaccines have been studied, but thus far the search has been unsuccessful. Results from a new study suggest that the combination of a messenger (mRNA)-based personalized cancer vaccine (known as RO7198457) plus the PD-L1 inhibitor atezolizumab (Tecentriq) shows promise for the treatment of advanced cancer. The results of the phase 1b clinical trial were presented at the 2020 AACR virtual annual meeting. Read More ›

A single infusion of the investigational agent lifileucel—an immunotherapy using cryopreserved autologous tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL)—induced responses in more than 33% of patients with advanced melanoma whose disease progressed with multiple previous therapies, including PD-1 and BRAF/MEK inhibitors. Read More ›

A novel intratumoral chemotherapy agent delivered by direct injection permits the dispersion of cytotoxic drugs into cancer cells to eradicate tumors. Data from a phase 1/2 trial of intratumoral INT230-6, alone and in combination with pembrolizumab (Keytruda), in patients with advanced solid tumors was presented at the ASCO 2020 virtual annual meeting by Jacob Stephen Thomas, MD, Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine, University of Southern California Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles. Read More ›

The small-molecule inhibitor of tyrosine kinase WEE1 adavosertib demonstrated promising clinical activity in a single-arm, phase 2 study of patients with unselected uterine serous cancer (USC), with an objective response rate of 29.4%, said Joyce F. Liu, MD, MPH, Director of Clinical Research, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, at the ASCO 2020 virtual annual meeting. The responses were durable, with a median duration of response of 9.03 months. Read More ›

The combination of nivolumab (Opdivo) plus the investigational drug sitravatinib improved progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with pretreated metastatic clear-cell renal-cell carcinoma (RCC) and the historical disease control rates compared with nivolumab alone, according to the results of a phase 1/2 clinical trial reported at the 2020 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium. Read More ›

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